No more Notre Dame

The+Notre+Dame+Cathedral+was+ablaze+on+April+15.+The+fire+knocked+down+the+famous+spire+and+damaged+many+old+antiques.+
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No more Notre Dame

The Notre Dame Cathedral was ablaze on April 15. The fire knocked down the famous spire and damaged many old antiques.

The Notre Dame Cathedral was ablaze on April 15. The fire knocked down the famous spire and damaged many old antiques.

The Notre Dame Cathedral was ablaze on April 15. The fire knocked down the famous spire and damaged many old antiques.

The Notre Dame Cathedral was ablaze on April 15. The fire knocked down the famous spire and damaged many old antiques.

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On the evening of April 15 in Paris, alarms were sounding, indicating the Notre Dame Cathedral caught on fire. After the first fire, a Marshall failed to locate the fire, causing a critical delay. The fire started in the cathedral’s attic, potentially from an electrical shortage. The roof was so dense with beams and braces that it was referred to as “the forest.”

The Catholic church cathedral is a world-famous landmark to the French capital, second to the Eiffel Tower. Designed in Gothic fashion and built between the 12th and 14th centuries, the cathedral features numerous statues and stained glass windows. It is home to the world’s largest organ, and an immense amount of bells. The Bishop of Paris, Maurice de Sully, was the one to order construction in 1160. Actual construction began a few years later in 1163. Maurice de Sully died while the cathedral was still being built. The cathedral was consecrated as complete in 1345.

Caption: The interior of Notre Dame before and after the fire.

Even through numerous years of destruction and restoration, the interior remains true to the original design. The cathedral’s architecture is one of the first examples of the flying buttresses. Marius Hauknes, associate professor of art history at Notre Dame, specializes in medieval art history.

“Its gravity-defying vaulted ceilings were meant to imply a kind of transcendence,”  Hauknes said. “This is a place that you can go into — in a metaphorical way, to enter into a different realm.”

The famous organ and stained glass featured in the cathedral. Reconstruction of the organ will be tough and expensive. The organ is the oldest and most antique. The cathedral is surrounded by vibrant and unique stained glass.

More than a week after the fire shook France, investigators are still trying to find the cause of the fire. So far, nothing has been ruled out and investigations could last for many weeks. The fire, as well as the tons of water poured on the cathedral, both played a part in destroying the evidence.

Rebuilding efforts will cost between $330 million and $670 million. More than $1 billion dollars have been pledged. Francois-Henri Pinault, one of France’s richest, contributed $112 million. A rival, Bernard Arnault, announced a donation twice as much. The reconstruction of the church will take years to get back to what it used to be. Critics say that the large amounts of money donated to the restoration efforts could have been spent elsewhere. Those collecting the money are encouraging others to keep donating.  

Many say the roof should be rebuilt closely to its original state. A major problem in France is a lack of tall oak trees to help rebuild the roof. To some, rebuilding the roof with other material, such as iron, will decrease the chances of the roof catching fire again.

“I would like the cathedral to be able to welcome the world in 2024, since in 2024, Paris will welcome the world,” Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo said.  The hope is that the cathedral will be finished in 5 years, just in time for the summer Olympics.

 

Sources:

https://traveltips.usatoday.com/notre-dame-cathedral-france-3356.html

https://ndsmcobserver.com/2019/04/notre-dame-cathedral/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/04/25/billionaires-rushed-save-notre-dame-amid-backlash-economists-now-say-they-may-have-pledged-more-than-needed/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.5c6cb512ae01

 

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